The Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (Türk İşbirliği ve Kalkınma İdaresi Başkanlığı, TİKA) is a government department of the Prime Ministry of Turkey. TİKA is responsible for organization of the bulk of Turkey's official development assistance to developing countries.
On 25 December 1991, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) dissolved, which resulted in many countries in Central Asia and Caucasia gaining their independence. Having a common language and a shared social memory and culture with these countries, that are comprised of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan, paved the way for the resurgence of dual and regional relations with them. Turkey and the countries in Central Asia consider themselves as one nation containing different countries, and our foreign politics displayed a multilateral and proactive understanding in the region. The relations with the Turkish speaking countries has become a permanent focus for Turkey and this focus gained in importance in the most recent 20 years of global politics.
As a prolongation of Turkey’s efforts to become an important player in the area and in the world, since the 2000’s TİKA’s conception of foreign policy underwent important changes. In accordance with this change, TIKA enlarged its activity area - it increased the number of Programme Coordination Offices from 12 in the year 2002 to 25 in 2011, and to 33 in 2012. Today, the Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency is in service with 50 Programme Coordination Offices in 48 cooperation partner countries. Related to the active and principled foreign policy, the number of countries wherein TİKA carry out projects also increases every passing day. At the basis of its projects, Turkey tries to establish a peaceful environment directed at its close neighbours and achieves this through TIKA.
TIKA carries out the task of being a cooperating mechanism for the state institutions and organisations, universities, non-profit organisations and the private sector. In addition, it functions as a platform for these actors to come together and it records the development aid carried out by Turkey.
While the development aid of Turkey comprised about 85 Millions of USD in 2002, this amount reached 1 Milliard 273 Millions of USD in 2011. TIKA is ranked amongst the Turkish organizations that carry out most technical co-operations with Turkic speaking countries.
Focusing on development collaboration, TIKA works in 120 countries, including the ones where their offices are located. Our country shares her knowledge and experience through TIKA, with many countries from the Pacific to the Central Asia, from the Middle-East and Africa to the Balkans and from Caucasia to South America.